For the first time, aging researchers have identified a mental exercise that can reduce the risk of dementia.
The indiana university school of medicine, psychiatry professor Frederick w. Unverzagt, says Dr Cognitive training (called processing speed) after the study participants were mental exercise plan shows the benefits of a decade.
Even though the amount of training is small, and over time, there are measurable gains: the first six weeks are 10 hours and then eight.
Dr Unverzagt explained in a Q&A blog post: “we think this is a relatively small training, low intensity intervention. Durability – the persistence of the effect is impressive.
The important of the elderly from the high cognitive training – ACTIVE – 2802 was studied the results of the elderly in alzheimer’s disease and dementia recently reported in translational research and clinical intervention, it is a peer-reviewed journal alzheimer’s association.
Researchers from IU, the university of south Florida, Pennsylvania state university and Moderna Therapeutics examined healthy adults aged 65 and older from multiple sites, randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups:
The strategies of participants who receive guidance and practice to improve the memory of life events and activities.
The strategy of participants receiving guidance and practice to help solve problems and related problems.
Participants who accept computer-based processing speed – aim to increase the amount of information and complexity that they can process quickly.
The initial training consisted of 10 meetings lasting about an hour for five to six weeks. At least 80 percent of participants in the first round of training were eligible for intensive training, including four 60-75 minutes of training in 11 months and 35 months after initial training. Participants were assessed immediately after training and were assessed on one, two, three, five and ten years after training.
After factors such as death, 1,220 participants completed a 10-year follow-up evaluation. During that time, 260 participants developed dementia. The risk of dementia was lower than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant. Also, people who receive intensive training are better trained. While memory and reasoning training also showed the benefits of reducing the risk of dementia, the results were not significant.
Dr Unverzagt points out that the speed of processing training USES computerised “adaptive training” software and touch screens. Participants were asked to identify objects in the center of the screen and to identify the location of the objects around them. The software will adjust the speed and difficulty of the exercise based on how participants perform.
By contrast, memory and reasoning programs use more traditional teaching and practice techniques that may occur in class.
Early studies have shown that active cognitive training improves participants’ cognitive abilities and the convenience of daily activities in the following 5 and 10 years after initial training. However, after five years of follow-up, active cognitive training did not significantly affect the incidence of dementia.